• Precautions for General Anesthesia
  • The precautions for general anesthesia must be observed to ensure safe surgery.
  • As a general principle, patients who are to be administered general anesthesia must fast for 8 hours, and this means that they must refrain from eating solid food such as candy and gum and drinking fluids such as coffee, milk and water.
General Procedure for General AnesthesiaAdministration
  • Consultation
    (set an
    appointment
    for surgery)
  • Pre-surgery
    examination
  • 8 hours of
    fasting before
    surgery
  • Administration
    of general
    anesthesia
  • Recovery
    from
    anesthesia
    after
    surgery
  • Discharge
  • Revisit after
    6 days
    (stitch removal)
  • Consult with the anesthesiologist
  • Patients who are receiving internal medicine treatment for diseases such as hypertension, diabetes, tuberculosis,
    heart disease, epilepsy, hepatitis and AIDs or receiving regular health examinations or drug administration should
    consult with the anesthesiologist and undergo the necessary examinations check for potential problems
  • Additional examinations in case of prior medical history

  • Patients with prior history of heart, lung or brain disease or received anti-cancer treatments should consult with the
    anesthesiologist and undergo additional examinations to check whether it is possible to perform the procedure concerned
  • Prescriptions for allergies

  • Patients who have allergies or experience side effects from certain types of drugs should inform the anesthesiologist in
    advance to avoid the use of such substances
  • Consultation in case of taking drugs

  • Patients should refrain from taking drugs that can cause hemorrhaging such as aspirin, herbal medicine and hormonal agents
    for a few weeks before the procedure. Also, you must inform the anesthesiologist of any drugs you’re currently taking.
Pre-Operative Precautions (Fasting and Other Preparations)
  • Fasting for 8 hours before surgery
  • As a general principle, patients who are to be administered general anesthesia must fast for 8 hours, and this means that they must refrain from eating solid food such as candy and gum and drinking fluids such as coffee, milk and water. The reason for fasting is that before the anesthetics wear off regurgitation of solid content can occur, and the solid matter may enter the airway, causing asphyxiation or pneumonia. If you are scheduled to receive surgery in the morning, you should start fasting at midnight the night before.
  • No manicures
  • Oxygen saturation levels are measured by attaching a device to one of the fingers. So, patients are advised to refrain from applying nail polish before surgery.
  • Shower and cleanse your face
  • Patients are advised to take a shower and thoroughly cleanse their faces on the day of the surgery, and remove their contact lenses before coming to the clinic.
  • No accessories
  • Patients are advised to refrain from wearing metal accessories such as rings and necklaces, and are advised to wear comfortable clothes.
  • Post-surgery preparations
  • Patients are advised to bring appropriate and comfortable clothes to wear for when they are discharged after surgery. A hat, sunglasses, hoodie, and scarf may be worn to cover up the bandage and avoid attracting people’s attention.
Post-Operative Precautions
  • Diet
  • 1. For patients undergoing facial contour surgery, porridge and soup are recommended for
    2 to 3 days after surgery and sufficient nutrients must be consumed for fast recovery. (Seonsik (fresh grain food), pudding, yogurt, fruit juice, porridge, soup, eggs, tofu and other soft foods; New Care after bimaxillary orthognathic surgery)
  • Regular meals comprised of soft foods can be eaten after 3 days.
  • Avoid fiber-rich foods that can cause diarrhea such as milk, soy milk and lactic acid beverages, etc.
  • Avoid hard or tough food for at least a month.
  • Consume sufficient fluids (water, juice, ice cream, etc.).
  • Nose bleeds can occur for 2 to 3 days after cheekbone surgery. Instead of blowing your nose, wipe the blood off with a tissue.
  • Pack
  • Use an ice pack (cooling massage) for 2 days after surgery to minimize swelling.
  • Use a hot pack (thermal massage) starting from a week after surgery to promote blood circulation and reduce swelling.
  • Gargling
  • After every meal, rinse your mouth with a mouthwash prescribed by the
    clinic to keep the mouth clean and to prevent inflammation and infections in the mouth.
  • Gargle frequently, even without eating, and rinse your mouth before bed.
  • Pressure
    Bandage
  • Do not remove the bandage until the day after the surgery. It should be taken off
    2 to 6 days after surgery. Remove the tape and put it on again for 30 to 40 minutes before removing it for 2 hours.
  • Prolonged bandage wear can inhibit proper blood circulation,
    and slow down the healing and edema reduction process.
  • Exercise
  • Exercise (walking or strolling) in theafternoon to reduce swelling at night.
  • Avoid strenuous exercise (swimming, weight-lifting, hiking) for about a month.
  • Exercise your mouth starting at 3 to 4 weeks after surgery
    (singing, or moving your lips while sounding out the vowels)
  • Avoid strong impact and resting your jaw on your hand after chin surgery
    (for 2 to 3 months).
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